Delta State is located in south-south geopolitical zone of Nigeria. It is an oil producing state situated in the region known as the Niger Delta. The state which was created in 1991 is divided into twenty five local government areas which include Aniocha-North, Aniocha-South, Bomadi, Burutu, Ethiope-East, Ethiope-West, Ika-North-East, Ika-South, Isoko-North, Isoko-South, Ndokwa-East, Ndokwa-West, Okpe, Oshimili-North, Oshimili-South, Patani, Sapele, udu, Ugheli-North, Ugheli-South, Ukwuani, Uvwie, Warri-North, Warri-South,Warri South-West.
Delta State which used to be a part of Bendel State was created in 1991 and got its name from the Delta of the River Niger. The area called Delta State today was once an integral part of the old Western Region of Nigeria before it became an autonomous entity in 1991 after having been part of the old Midwestern State from 1963 to 1976 and the defunct Bendel State from 1976 to 1991. The state got its name as a result of its location within the delta of the River Niger.
Delta State has an estimated population of about 4.2 million with Urhobo, Itesekiri, Ijaw (Izon), Isoko and Anioma (Igbo) as the main ethnic groups. These groups share ancestral and traditional administrative systems, evident in their dress, language, festivals, music and folklore. The people are hospitable, enlightened, resourceful and hardworking.
Covering a land area of about 18, 050sq km, Delta State shares common boundaries with Edo, Ondo , Imo, Anambra and Bayelsa States. In the south west and south it has approximately 122 kilometres of coastline bounded by the Bight of Benin on the Atlantic ocean.
Delta State is situated in the tropics and therefore experiences a fluctuating climate, ranging from the humid tropical in the south, to the subhumid in the northeast. The lessening of humidity towards the north is accompanied by an increasingly marked dry season. The average rainfall is about 266.5mm in the coastal areas and 190.5mm in the extreme north. Rainfall is heaviest in July. Temperature increases from the south to the north. In Warri, located in the south for example, the average daily temperature is 30℃, while the temperature in Asaba in the north eastern area is 44℃.